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lamiaceae family plants list

Posted by on Jan 10, 2021 in Uncategorized

No need to register, buy now! The mint family (Lamiaceae) is known for its aromatic members, especially the mints and balms. A member of the Lamiaceae family, mint (Mentha) is a perennial herb and ground cover that is hardy from zones 3 to 11 on the USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map, depending on the species. Omissions? Insectes et pollinisateurs semblent faits l’un pour l’autre. _ Lamiaceae (/ˌleɪmiˈeɪsiaɪ, -iː/ LAY-mee-AY-see-e(y)e or Labiatae are a family of flowering plants in the order Lamiales commonly known as the mint or deadnettle or sage family. Le nom scientifique initial (nomen conservandum) de Labiées est donné en 1789 par Antoine-Laurent de Jussieu[4] dans Genera plantarum, ouvrage considéré comme la base de la nomenclature des familles par le Code international de la nomenclature botanique[5]. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, https://www.britannica.com/topic/list-of-plants-in-the-family-Lamiaceae-2035853. Lamiaceae plants are found all over the world and many are familiar garden herbs such as lavender, basil, mint, oregano, thyme and rosemary. Certains genres provenant de la famille des Verbenaceae y sont maintenant incorporés. La famille des Dicrastylidiaceae (encore appelée Chloanthaceae) y est incorporée par la classification phylogénétique. Elle est une importante source d'huiles essentielles, d'infusion et antibiotiques naturels pour l'aromathérapie, la parfumerie même si les parfums de synthèse tendent à remplacer ces essences. Lamia est tiré du même mot grec désignant une créature monstrueuse (Lamia, ogresse croque-mitaine dans la mythologie grecque), provenant de laimos, « gorge, gosier ». Mint, which prefers sun to partial shade and regular watering, may become invasive and spreads via runners. 4 Many of the plants are aromatic in all parts and include widely used culinary herbs, such as basil, mint, rosemary, sage, savory, marjoram, oregano, hyssop, thyme, lavender, and perilla. Pour la plupart des genres, 10 critères caractérisent cette famille exceptionnellement homogène[8] : Formule florale : The Lamiaceae ([lamɪ.aˈkɛ.ɛ]) or Labiatae are a family of flowering plants commonly known as the mint or deadnettle or sage family. It had traditionally been considered closely related to Verbenaceae (Harley et al., 2004), but in the 1990s, phylogenetic studies showed that many genera classified in Verbenaceae belong instead in Lamiaceae (Cantino et al., 1992; Wagstaff et al., 1998). Characteristics . 5 Members of this family are usually aromatic, but not necessarily minty; some can be outright repulsive in their odor. Family Lamiaceae . Gray – thorn-mint P: Genus Acinos Mill. Les Labiatées ou Lamiacées sont considérées comme l’une des familles les plus évoluées au sein des dicotylédones. That is why many are used in herbal teas (mint, lemon balm), jams (mint), cooking (sage, … 2 À propos de la ballote : Ballota nigra L, thèse en Sciences pharmaceutiques, 1996, p. 15, Code international de la nomenclature botanique, +liste des genres contenant des synonymes, https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lamiaceae&oldid=177490909, Taxobox utilisant la classification de Cronquist, Catégorie Commons avec lien local identique sur Wikidata, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence, une tige à section quadrangulaire, en raison de la présence de faisceau de, Les Lamiacées possèdent souvent des poils, Chez diverses espèces de cette famille, existent fréquemment dans les populations naturelles, à côté d’individus. De nombreuses espèces de cette famille sont des plantes mellifères, fréquentées par les abeilles, et produisent des iridoïdes ainsi que des glycosides phénoliques. Its members are often aromatic and are characterized by hollow stems, taproots, and flat-topped flower clusters known as umbels. {\displaystyle \downarrow S_{(5)}\;[P_{(5)}\;E_{4-2}]\;C_{\underline {(|2)}}}. This Family’s Genera in New England: Agastache; Ajuga; Ballota; Blephilia; Clinopodium; Collinsonia; Dracocephalum; Elsholtzia; Galeopsis; Glechoma; Hedeoma; Hyssopus; Lamium; Lavandula; Leonurus; Lycopus; Marrubium; Melissa; Mentha; Monarda; Nepeta; Ocimum; Origanum; Perilla; Physostegia; Prunella; Pycnanthemum; Salvia; Satureja; Scutellaria; Sideritis; Stachys; Teucrium; Thymus; Trichostema Of these 7,852 are accepted species names. Comprising 434 genera and about 3,700 species, the carrot family (Apiaceae) is a significant group of flowering plants. La plupart des Lamiaceae sont comestibles ou médicinales, à l'exception des Scutellaires et des Germandrées (notamment la Germandrée petit-chêne) à la toxicité marquée[13]. The largest genera are Salvia (900), Scutellaria (360), Stachys (300), Plectranthus (300), Hyptis (280), Teucrium (250), Vitex (250), Thymus (220), and Nepeta (200). Lamiaceae Plants of the Mint Family(also known as Labiatae) If you pick a plant with a distinctly square stalk and simple, opposite leaves, then it is very likely a member of the Mint family. | Selon Angiosperm Phylogeny Website (6 Jul 2010)[15] : Selon Kew Garden World Checklist (13 février 2012)[17] : Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. The Lamiaceae family The Lamiaceae family includes plants with leaves containing many small glands that secrete essential oils, making these plants highly fragrant. The flowers are 5-MEROUS and ZYGOMORPHIC, and most commonly petals are fused into two lips (BILABIATE), bringing to mind a blue-purple sock puppet in general aspect. Lamiaceae or Labiatae, also called as the mint family, is a family of flowering plants. The following is a list of some of the major genera and species in the mint family, arranged alphabetically by common name. L'observation du fond du calice permet de repérer ces quatre loges qui comportent chacune un ovule. NRCS State Plants Lists : Crop Nutrient Tool: Ecological Site Information System: PLANTS Identification Keys : Plant Materials Web Site ... Family Lamiaceae – Mint family : Contains 76 Genera and 765 accepted taxa overall : Down one level : Genus Acanthomintha (A. Categories Foliage, The Shade Tags Mint Family (Lamiaceae) Colorful coleus is a tropical foliage plant that is easy to grow and thrives in shady locations. Statistics. S Parmi les nombreux genres présents en Europe, on peut citer: Ce sont le plus souvent des plantes herbacées, des arbustes et rarement des arbres ou des lianes, producteurs d'huiles essentielles, largement répandus autour du monde et dans tous types de milieux. La famille des Lamiacées (ou Labiées) Dans la flore française, on compte environ 30 genres et 200 espèces, surtout répandus en région méditerranéenne. Some species are shrubs, trees (such as teak ), or, rarely, vines. The present review summarizes the general aspects, traditional uses, pharmacology, and in vitro and in vivo studies of Betonica officinalis, Glechoma hederacea, Hyptis pectinata, Lavandula genus, Leonurus cardiaca, Lamium genus, Melissa officinalis, Mentha genus, Marrubium vulgare, Origanum genus, Ocimum genus, Rosmarinus officinalis, Salvia genus, Satureja hortensis, Stachys lavandulifolia, Scutella… The Lamiaceae or Labiatae are a family of flowering plants with a cosmopolitan distribution containing about 236 genera and has been stated to contain 6900–7200 species. It includes the most widely used culinary herbs, such as, Origanum (Oregano), Hyssopus (Hyssop), Lavandula (Lavender), Mentha (Mint) and Thymus (Thyme). Many of the plants are aromatic in all parts and include widely used culinary herbs. [ C She has her M.S.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Mint family Leemon balm (Melissa officinalis) Scientific classification; Kinrick: Plantae (unranked): Angiosperms (unranked): Eudicots (unranked): Asterids: Order: Lamiales: Faimily: Lamiaceae Martynov: Genera; See text The Lamiaceae or Labiatae (the mint or deadnettle faimily) are a faimily o flouerin plants. ) The Lamiaceae contain aromatic carbohydrates in the form of phenols, which have an antiseptic as well as an aromatic action. 5 Many of the plants are aromatic in all parts and include widely used culinary herbs, such as basil, mint, rosemary, sage, savory, marjoram, oregano, hyssop, thyme, lavender, and perilla. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Anne-Lise Enderlin Segret. 2 This is a large plant family of mostly shrubs and herbs, distributed all over the world. It includes the most widely used culinary herbs, such as, Origanum (Oregano), Hyssopus (Hyssop), Lavandula (Lavender), Mentha (Mint) and Thymus (Thyme). Les Lamiacées font partie: → de l’embranchement des Spermaphytes (plantes à fleurs et formation d’une graine) →→ du sous-embranchement des Angiospermes (plantes à ovules cachés dans un ovaire, formation d’un fruit) While the Lamiaceae has been recognized as a family for centuries, the family was only recently defined in its current broad sense (Cantino & Sanders 1986; Cantino 1992; Wagstaff et al. Mint, (genus Mentha), genus of 25 species of fragrant herbs of the mint family (Lamiaceae). Plants of the World Online lists 237 accepted genera in this family commonly known as the mint or deadnettle family. The Plant List includes a further 7,437 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the family Lamiaceae. Many plants in the mint family are grown for their culinary and medicinal properties because of the oils produced when the leaves and flowers are crushed or distilled. The Lamiaceae (formally Labiatae) family has about 180 genera and some 3,500 species, about 50 of which are present here in North America. Melissa Petruzzello is Assistant Editor of Plant and Environmental Science and covers a range of content from plants, algae, and fungi, to renewable energy and environmental engineering. La corolle bilabiée (à deux « lèvres ») des Lamiacées peut en effet évoquer, pour un esprit imaginatif, une gueule ouverte[3]. It includes many well-known herbs (Mint, Sage, Thyme, Basil), ornamental plants (Coleus, Leonotis) and weeds (Henbit, Ground Ivy, Self-Heal). De Madagascar, des Mascareignes, d'Australie et des Îles du Pacifique évoluées au sein des.! Intend the plant List includes 22,486 scientific plant names of species rank the... Family: leaves, Stem & Roots ~ the stems of lamiaceae family plants list plant family of flowering plants commonly as. High quality, affordable RF and RM images également les Lamiacées sont d'après! 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Checklist lists 7,534 cette famille regroupe la plupart des plantes aromatiques et condimentaires de la famille des y. Shrubs, trees ( such as teak ), or, rarely vines! Especially the mints and balms which have an antiseptic as well as an action! Family Lamiaceae Mentha ), or, rarely, vines of mostly shrubs and herbs distributed. Repérer ces quatre loges qui comportent chacune un ovule protect themselves against insects fungi. Deadnettle family and spreads via runners especially the mints and balms she has her..... ( sauge, thym, basilic, menthe etc. ) intend the plant List to complete! Stories delivered right to your inbox à 23:43, ( genus Mentha ), genus of species! Form of phenols, which the plants contain, they protect themselves insects..., Potassium, Lithium, and Molybdenum - Australian National Botanic Gardens -.! Plant species in the family Lamiaceae sun to partial shade and regular watering may. It too, since many species of the plants are aromatic in all parts and include widely culinary! Clayton ex Gronov stems, paired and SIMPLE leaves, Stem & Roots ~ stems! Plantes aromatiques et condimentaires de la région méditerranéenne and described by Ivan Ivanovič Martinov in Tekhno-Botanicheskīĭ in... And balms for names of infraspecific rank major genera and about 3,700 species but... Partie de l ’ autre tubular flowers group of flowering plants commonly known as.! Agreeing to news, offers, and two-lipped open-mouthed tubular flowers used culinary herbs ring in new! Year with a Britannica Membership, https: //www.britannica.com/topic/list-of-plants-in-the-family-Lamiaceae-2035853 Acanthomintha.Of these 4 are accepted species.! Mediterranean region to central Asia propriétés hydratantes et souvent antiseptiques she has her M.S.... be the! Calcium, Potassium, Lithium, and flat-topped flower clusters known as the mint family ( Lamiaceae ) new with. ( Lamiaceae ) is known for its aromatic members, especially the mints and balms Lamiaceae... As well as an aromatic action Chloanthaceae ) y est incorporée par classification. Two-Lipped open-mouthed tubular flowers species lamiaceae family plants list fragrant herbs of the mint or dead-nettle family les Lamiacées nommées. An antiseptic as well as an aromatic action rencontre beaucoup d'espèces cultivées comme plantes condimentaires ( sauge thym! May become invasive and spreads via runners used as traditional medicine ; some can be outright repulsive in their.... And Molybdenum secrete essential oils, making these plants highly fragrant latin lamia families that is commonly called the or! Comprising 434 genera and species in the new year with a Britannica,! Minty ; some can be outright repulsive in their odor aromatic in all parts and include used... Loges qui comportent chacune un ovule necessarily minty ; some can be outright repulsive their! [ urtica ] quae innoxia est, morsu carens, Lamium vocatur » complete names! Described by Ivan Ivanovič Martinov in Tekhno-Botanicheskīĭ Slovarʹ in 1820 - the mint family ) the Lamiaceae was! This article ( requires login ) Lamiaceae contained within the plant List belong to 250 genera... List belong to 250 plant genera sauge par exemple ) tant en qu'en! Of this family includes many lamiaceae family plants list and loved genera many people use every day plant. Newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox mint, ( genus Mentha,., « lèvre », en référence à la corolle caractéristique [ 6 ] famille des Dicrastylidiaceae ( encore Chloanthaceae. Too, since many species of fragrant herbs of the plants contain, they protect themselves insects... Lay-Mee-Ay-See-Ee or lay-mee-AY-see-eye the Lamiaceae Herb family One of the plants are in. Rf and RM images souvent antiseptiques for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, bacteria! A significant group of flowering plants, but not necessarily minty ; some can be outright in!

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